Clueless about fly fishing? Me too! I have been really curious about this sport for some time now. I’ve seen it done countless of times.
Tried it. Failed. People have endlessly and tirelessly, with their utmost patience and understanding tried to rub off some fly fishing skills on me – but to no avail.
I have resorted to reading Fly fishing for beginners, for now. I decided that whatever I can’t do, I might as well LEARN – even just in theory. It helps. I think of my self right now as “A work in progress”.
Let’s all learn the basics.
DEFINITION OF TERMS!
A brief definition about some terms I need to know about fly fishing.What is Fly Fishing?
Fly fishing is an ancient and distinct angling method, developed primarily for salmonids (trout and salmon, mostly) and now extended to other species such as pike, bass, and carp, as well as a wide range of salt water species.
Fly casting is gripping or holding a fly rod correctly and to adopt the correct stance to maintain comfort and balance. The most basic rule to casting is based on the way a clock looks. Your head points straight up to 12:00, your cast (the tip of your rod) should go back to 10:00 and then forward to 2:00, releasing your line at the end of the forward motion. It is a common mistake to dip the rod below those two positions and almost always ends in a line tangle!
Angler. (Does that have anything to do with Math? I hate Math!)
That would be YOU silly! Someday, IF you learn how to fly fish, you will be called an angler. A person catching fish or shellfish with no intent to sell, this includes people keeping the catch or people that practice the “Catch and Release” method (highly recommended).
The Essentials – If you don’t have a complete list of these, you’re NOT Fly Fishing!
Fly Fishing rods are long, thin, flexible rods sometimes made of bamboo, but more recently from man-made materials. Fly rods tend to have large diameter eyes (or guides) spaced along the rod to help control the movement of relatively thick fly line. To aid in the freedom of movement required to skillfully cast with a fly rod, there is usually little to no butt (handle) extending below the fishing reel. Although fly rods are mainly used for casting from fixed positions, they can also be used for trolling for fish.
Fishing Reel is a device used for the deployment and retrieval of fishing line using a spool mounted on an axle. They are used in conjunction with the fly rod and are attached to the base or handle of the rod.
Fishing line is any cord made for fishing. Important parameters of a fishing line are its length, material, and weight (thicker, sturdier lines are more visible to fish). The refractive index is also important—lines with a refractive index similar to water are almost invisible to fish. The most important parameter in deciding what line to use is its strength. This is the amount of weight the line can hold before snapping. One must balance the trade-off between strength and visibility.
Flies as Bait? Are you kidding?
Flies or Artificial flies are constructed — “tied” onto a hook with thread, fur, feathers and other materials — in sizes and colors to match naturally occurring food or simply to excite a fish.
You will be considered a well equipped fly fisher if you bring waders, wading boots, vest net, polarized sunglasses to protect your eyes and see through the reflection on the water, a hat for the harsh sun, sun block and bug dope (bug repellant) – if you don’t want to be eaten alive by bugs before you even catch a fish!
Armed with the stuff I read, I went about to experience Fly Fishing without even going near a body of water.
A site that sells fly fishing products – with pretty pictures too! – Riverbum.com
The nearest thing I got to Fly Fishing was to play the fly fishing game I downloaded from Fly Sim
When planning an adventure holiday, the best way to organize yourself is by putting together a camping checklist. This is by far the easiest and most effective way to make sure you are taking everything you need along, so put some time in doing it right. Then when you are packing, just tick each item off the list and this way you’ll know that you are good to go.
It’s only natural that every list will be very different and the items you will think of including will depend on your different every time needs, the weather, the length of your trip and the various activities you want to participate in. However a few general guidelines can be given to everyone who wants a place to start and then you can add the items that you deem appropriate. Take all these different factors into consideration before compiling your list.
There is no better place to start your list but with the shelter and bedding supplies. Write down things like a tent, stakes, sleeping bags, an air mattress, sheets, pillows, duvets and other similar items. Make sure you have proper bags to carry all this while protecting them from getting dirty.
Of course cooking equipment will have to be included in your list too. Items like pots, cutlery, napkins, towels, bowls, plates and glasses need to be listed and the way of transporting them has to be considered. Oil, herbs, sugar, salt and other seasonings that you might need when cooking should be added onto the list and a table and chairs should be included in this part too.
It is now time to list all the clothing items that you think you will need. This varies greatly depending on the climate of the place you’re visiting as well as the activities you are taking part in, but still a general pointer can be given. In this part you should write down things like jeans and t-shirts, boots or flip flops, socks and rain gear or swimming suits.
Personal things like a deodorant and a shampoo should be listed too. Include towels, feminine products, a razor, a toothbrush and a toothpaste and toilet paper, as they will all be needed no doubt. Also don’t forget to write down any medications you might be prescribed with as they are always forgotten when you’re packing in a rush. Putting some extra packets in your backpack is a good idea, as you want to be sure you have enough.
Little things like a torch, sunscreen, books and magazines or a camera should fill the last part of your list. These are the things you always forget because you tend to throw them into your bag last minute. If you have them written down, you will never forget them again. Maps and perhaps even a compass are always useful too.
It is important that your camping checklist contains a first aid kit as well. Without it you will not feel safe and if a problem arises, you won’t be properly equipped in order to solve it. Be safe and you won’t be sorry.
With all the activities that take place on camping trips it’s important to be prepared for any camping injuries that may a cure. The best investment into your camping trip that you can make is an investment into first aid knowledge. Here are a few pointers to get you started.
Hiking is a common camping activity and it presents the camper with the possibility of fractures and sprains. There are two types of fractures, a simple fracture and a compound fracture. You need to be prepared for both on your camping trip. A simple fracture can be identified by swelling, tenderness, pain, loss of mobility, and feeling or hearing a bone crack or snap. If a simple fracture is not treated then it can turn into a more serious compound fracture. Sometimes while camping people feel the need to just brush things off and continue with their hike, continuing while injured will only make things worse, but could lead to permanent damage.
If there is a chance that you fractured a bone you need to stop moving immediately. Your goal is to immobilize the fractured area. If the wounded limb is a finger then tape or tie the finger to an adjacent finger. If the lower arm is fractured then you want to splint the forearm and use a sling to immobilize it. If the upper arm is fractured then put the arm in a sling and bandage it to the chest. If it is a leg that is fractured then splint it or if the person can be carried, bind the legs together using the other leg as a natural splint. When you’re camping you will sometimes have to be creative in finding a splint. A splint can really be made of anything, a piece of wood, a rolled up magazine or newspaper, or even a rolled up blanket.
A splint can be anything that is straight and sturdy enough to stay straight. After getting a splint on try to elevate the fractured limb to slow the blood flow. A compound fracture is a fracture that breaks through the skin. This is much more serious and you should get help immediately and not try to move the injured person. There will be a lot of bleeding from the compound fracture but you cannot put pressure on it to stop the bleeding. Splint the limb and try to cover the wound with a sterile pad or bandage and wait for help. This is why you should always go camping with other people and never hike by yourself. Another injury that could happen while camping is a sprain. A sprain is where the ligaments tear from a joint.
Hiking boots provide support for the ankle to help avoid this and to offer support should it happen. Ankle sprains are the most common while camping and are characterized by sudden pain, an inability to support weight, bruising, swelling, and tenderness. The best thing to do is to rest the ankle, apply a cold compress or ice for at least ten minutes, firmly bandage it for support, and elevate it. Sprains are common while camping and fortunately if they are taken care of and not ignored, it shouldn’t completely ruin your camping trip.
Plan for the best and prepare for the worst when camping. These first aid tips and guidelines will help your next camping trip be safe and fun.
Sometimes it’s easy to lose your way in an unfamiliar wood. Carrying a compass and maps of the general area that you will be hunting in can help in the event that you get lost. Survival tips for a hunter include carrying a flashlight with extra batteries in case you get caught out after dark. There are also flashlights on the market now that operate by just a shake, eliminating the need for batteries. Matches in a waterproof case are essential and a sharp knife is good to have as well. A traditional Bowie or a Swiss Army knife both serves the purpose.
The Essentials for Your Survival Kit
Some granola, candy bars, or dried fruit are a good idea to bring along if you are not skilled at finding food in the wild. Never eat any plants or berries unless you are familiar with what types are poisonous. If you are unsure of the safety of a plant or its fruit, don’t eat it. Risking an illness while stranded in the wild is not preferable to an empty stomach. A bottle or two of drinking water is necessary also. Humans can survive for weeks without food but only three days without water. You will not want to drink any water found on the land without boiling it for several minutes first to kill off any bacteria or parasites.
It is recommended that you carry a needle and thread in your survival kit. These materials can be used to repair torn clothing. You can also stitch up a wound to stop heavy bleeding in case an injury occurs and you cannot get medical attention right away.
Most hunters carry a six to eight-foot length of rope to help drag their game back to the truck or haul equipment up into a tree stand. This rope can be used in many ways if you are stranded in the woods for an extended period of time. You can use a rope for first aid purposes, to help build a shelter, or to secure equipment during your hike. You can even string up a makeshift clothesline to dry wet clothing should you fall into standing water. Be sure to keep your rope with you and not in the truck.
It is also a good idea to wear a belt when out hunting. A belt can be used as a tourniquet in an emergency, as well to help secure a splint to a limb if necessary. A belt is one first aid item that you don’t have to cart around either.
Fire Safety When Stranded
It’s important to follow usual camp safety guidelines when starting a fire under any conditions in the wild. Always triple check to make sure a fire is completely out before leaving the area to prevent flare ups and a potential forest fire. Choose an area away from trees and shrubs, and line your pit with small boulders or stones to help contain the embers.
Gather larger logs and sticks and stack them in a teepee fashion. Then gather small twigs and scraps of paper to use as kindling at the base of your teepee. Blowing gently on your kindling will help your flames catch hold. You can use pine boughs to shield your fire from wind if necessary. You can also use boughs to stand or sit on if snow is present. This will help insulate your feet from the cold while warming yourself near the fire.
Are you interested in going on a hiking adventure? Whether that hiking adventure will last for a few hours or a whole weekend, you will need to choose a hiking trail. What to consider when choosing a hiking trail, you need to remember that you have a number of different options. No matter where in the United States you are located, you should have a number of hiking trails located a close distance away from your home.
Since you should have a number of different choices, when looking for a hiking trail to hike, you may be wondering how you can go about finding the “perfect,” hiking trail to hike. To help you choose the best hiking trail, there are a number of important factors that you may want to think about taking into consideration. A few of those factors are briefly outlined below for you.
One of the many factors that you will want to take into consideration is the difficulty of the hiking trail in question. You will find that hiking trails come in a number of different formats, particularly with difficulty levels. In fact, you may find that multiple parks have numerous hiking trails to choose from. Instead of choosing a hiking trail based on the beauty of the surroundings, you will want to examine difficulty. If this is your first time going on a hiking adventure, it may be best if you choose a trial that is designed for beginners or at least those at an intermediate level.
In conjunction with the difficultly of a trail, your safety is also something that should be take into consideration. You will want to make sure that you are on a hiking trial that is well maintained and well cared for. While it can be difficult to assess a hiking trail without visiting it, it is possible to do. If you know of anyone who has been hiking recently, you may want to ask them which hiking trial they took and their views on their experience, namely the condition of the hiking trail in question. You may also be able to use the internet, namely a standard internet search, to find popular hiking trails being discussed online.
Another factor that you may want to take into consideration, when looking for a hiking trail, is security. Is the hiking trial or hiking park in question closely monitored by staff, namely security guards? In today’s society, you can never be too careful, especially when in surroundings that are unfamiliar to you. Hiking trails or parks that have security guards are not only ideal in case you run into a problem, like with a stranger with poor intentions, but they are also great in the event of a hiking accident. Hiking trails or hiking parks with experienced staff members are less likely to have extreme or deadly hiking accidents.
As it was previously mentioned, hiking adventures can last for a few hours or be long as a whole weekend. If you are also interested in turning your hiking adventure into a camping one, you will need to find a hiking trial or at least a hiking park that has overnight accommodations. In most cases, you will find that these accommodations include an onsite campground. If you are only interested in hiking for the day, the overnight accommodations of the hiking trail or hiking park in question may not be a big concern of yours.
Price is another factor that you may want to take into consideration, when choosing a hiking trail to hike. In the United States, you will find that most hiking trails or parks are not free to visit. In all honesty, the fee that you are charged will all depend on the trail or park in question. Most of the time, you will find that the cost of hiking is affordable, but it is still something that you may want to take into consideration, especially if you are on a budget.
The above mentioned factors are just a few of the many factors that you may want to take into consideration, when looking for a hiking trail or a hiking part to visit. By keeping the above mentioned factors in mind, you will likely find that your next hiking adventure will be a memorable one.
The evolution of fishing gear and accessories along with the development of the bass fishing industry brought about the development of various lures specifically used for different fish species.
There are many types or class of lures and they all depend on what type of fish works for them. Many only work for specific types but some cover a wide range of species of fish.
Below are some of the typical lures used for fishing.
Light Standard Casting Lures
For Standard casting lures, they are mostly able to attract a wide range of fish varieties from albacore, bluefish, bonita, oho and crappies. These lures are also excellent for certain species of bass fish and work best when retrieved from water at low to medium speed. They pass through water with undetectably synthetic material.
Their sizes are excellent for lightweight fish and a host of freshwater species. They range from 1/16 oz. to 3 oz.
The hand painted eye is enticing enough to allow schooling of fish. This feature allows for more chances of trapping one of the target fish in the water.
Heavy Standard Casting Lures
Heavy Standard Casting Lures are excellent for quite heavy fish specifically, walleye and bass. While the lightweight lures are used in most circumstances, it was shown that heavy counterparts provide more reliable fishing output.
Moreover, the heavy standard lures are able to catch fish than diamond and light standard casting lures.
Long Casting/Jigging Lures
Perhaps the most popular among the fishing lures are the long, tapered jigging lures. They are perhaps the most commonly used fishing lures among the fishermen in Florida, Mississippi and Louisiana.
Just recently, it was found out that the long casting lures work best for catching trout and pike. They were also found to effectively catch stripers and bluefish. They can catch tuna and walleye in a breeze!
Unlike heavy standard lures, this gear won’t produce good fish-catch output up to 180-200 ft under water but be sure to effectively match your lure color, bait and related accessories to maximize performance.
Deadly Diamond Lures
These lures are one of the smallest with sizes ranging from 1/8 to 1oz. They can seamlessly attract attention among fish and could form a school of fish in a minute!
The reason is it lies on its structural surface formation and cut. The top handle is cut like a diamond and causes the reflection of light striking on its surface. The diamond lures are best for catching bass fish varieties, crappie and stripers although they work on a small range of fish species.